Taking the tragic history of Dresden as a warning, since 2010 the International “Dresden Peace Prize” has recognized the extraordinary achievements of outstanding figures who have striven to promote peace and defuse potential conflicts. Previous winners have been Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mikhail Gorbachev, conductor Daniel Barenboim, war photographer James Nachtwey, Stanislav Petrow, who in 1983 prevented the outbreak of nuclear war, peace rapper and former child soldier Emmanuel Jal, the Duke of Kent, who has worked tirelessly for British-German post-war reconciliation, the peace activist and former whistleblower Daniel Ellsberg, Domenico Lucano, the mayor of Riace, who was a role model in welcoming refugees to his town, and Dr. Tommie Smith, who, after winning the 200-meter race at the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico, used the award ceremony for the greatest public political gesture in the recent history of sport: On the medal podium, he and third-placed John Carlos raised their black-gloved fists to protest against racism. In 2019, the prize was awarded to Kim Phuc Phan Thi. On 8 June 1972, the then nine-year-old became a victim of the Vietnam War. The image of her – naked and with serious burns – fleeing the village that had just been destroyed by napalm fire, became one of the most infamous war pictures of all time. Today, Kim Phuc Phan Thi is a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador. Furthermore, she has established a foundation for children affected by war, speaks to thousands of people every year and helps to inspire countless others to work towards peace.